Six public sector organizations identified rates as priorities in their opinions and four as concerns. Responses tended to focus more on non-tariff barriers and one respondent felt that, given that Australia currently does not impose tariffs on certain products (. B for example, most seafood products), tariff reductions negotiated in a free trade agreement would not significantly improve the terms of trade for British exporters. Table 1: Estimates of the long-term impact of a trade agreement between the UK and Australia and New Zealand as part of an average EU exit agreement (scenarios are explained in detail in scoping assessments) Work rules can be used to ensure that partners do not lower their standards to gain a competitive advantage over trade. These provisions in trade agreements have become increasingly common over the past two decades[footnote 140] however, there is only limited literature on their impact on the results of the work (for example. B on wages). [Note 141] While the effects have been noted, they have generally been positive[note 142] and provisions have been adopted to facilitate access to the labour market, reduce the gender pay gap, and not divert or reduce trade flows. [Note 143] Transnational empirical analysis of the impact of labour rules is difficult for several reasons: as indicated in the trade white paper published in October 2017 to prepare our future UK trade policy, the government is committed to a comprehensive and transparent trade policy. Therefore, in order to ensure that future free trade agreements work properly across the UK, the Government is committed to seeking input from a wide range of UK stakeholders. In July 2018, the government released the DIT`s approach to preparing trade negotiations, outspoken in its plan to pursue new trade negotiations in cooperation with a wide variety of interest groups, while advancing its free trade agenda. We have conducted extensive open consultations for new free trade agreements. We will continue to engage as much as possible, as we look forward to the negotiations that may soon begin. In order to account for the uncertainty associated with modelled scenarios, baseline and modeling assumptions, additional analyses were carried out with different inputs.
This section presents the results of modelling a scenario of limited ambition in the free trade agreement, an alternative basis for future trade relations between the UK and the EU. The monte-carlo analysis was carried out to provide areas around the results presented in Section 4 (Global Impact) to account for uncertainty in the model parameters. The limitations of the analysis are also explained, both data restrictions and areas that are not covered by the model. A free trade agreement with Australia must work for the UK. We knew that any future agreement with Australia had to work for consumers, producers and businesses in the UK.