Casa 2007 was eight pages long, unlike the 2017 pact, which is 83 pages long. While the 2007 document allows US military vessels to anchor in Sri Lankan ports on a “single” basis, the 2017 CASA appears to be “open”. However, as Samaranayake points out, proposed defense pacts with the United States tend to be controversial at first. This is what happened with India, for example, when the United States followed pacts on logistics and communication. “New Delhi has finally concluded these agreements,” she observes. Interestingly, the SLFP was in power when CASA was signed in 1995, as it was when sofa was signed in 2007. “This gives the current government room to continue the pacts,” Gooneratne said. However, Sri Lankans remain skeptical. Part of the problem lies in the fact that there is “little information in the public” about the “specifics” of the agreements. What will be the position of Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, the Sri Lankan presidential candidate Podujana Peramuna, against ACSA and SOFA? It was Gotabhaya, then Sri Lanka`s minister of defence, who signed CASA in 2007. The strong ties of the Rajapaksa family with the Chinese are known. Gotabhaya`s booth on ACSA and SOFA is closely monitored in Washington, Beijing and New Delhi. The U.S.
State Department website contains a copy of the agreement signed on July 5, 2007 by Rajapaksa and then U.S. Ambassador Robert O. Blake. Distrust of the content and impact of SOFA in Sri Lanka is fueled by the covert way in which CASA has been renewed. AcSA was first signed in 2007 and expired on March 5, 2017 and was renewed on August 4, 2017. Two defense cooperation agreements between the United States and Sri Lanka, the Already signed AcSA (AcSA) and the Status of the Forces Agreement (SOFA), which is currently being negotiated, are raising concerns, criticisms and controversies on the Indian Ocean island. “The deal under discussion appears to be aimed at streamlining unblocking procedures for visiting U.S. military personnel,” Nilanthi Samaranayake, director of strategy and policy analysis at CNA, a nonprofit research organization in the Washington area, told The Diplomat. Meanwhile, Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe informed Parliament that SOFA was still under discussion and that his government would not sign an agreement on Sri Lanka`s sovereignty. The agreement is valid for 10 years and all transactions must be agreed prior to a transfer. On the other hand, the likelihood of Sri Lanka and the US reaching an agreement on SOFA may seem bleak at the moment, given the strong opposition.
Logistical support authorized under this Agreement may not be transferred beyond the forces of the receiving Party without the agreement of the providing Party. “Among the categories of goods and services allowed are food, oil and transportation. The supply of weapons or ammunition systems is expressly prohibited by this agreement,” the U.S. Embassy said in a statement. The 10-year deal expired in 2017 and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe informed Parliament that an extension would be considered. The United States has ACSA agreements with 89 other countries around the world. Neither pact is new. SOFA was first signed in 1995. .